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Diet For Acute Renal Failure

Renal failure can be described as a condition in which your kidneys do not function as effectively as they are supposed to. Though anyone can suffer from this condition, it is more common in people who are critically ill or have been hospitalized for serious ailments recently. This condition can be fatal and therefore, it needs to be treated without any delay. With the help of the right treatment and diet, this condition can be reversed, depending on your overall health.

In case you have been diagnosed with acute renal failure, it is important for you to start treatment immediately. Apart from medication, you will also be asked to follow acute kidney failure patient diet therapy, where you consume higher amounts of foods that are good for your kidneys and restrict the intake of those foods that put too much pressure on them.
Although every doctor’s recommendation may vary to some extent, the overall acute renal failure diet guidelines remain the same. Given below are the nutrients that need to be eaten in limited quantities or preferably avoided as far as possible:
  • Protein: Eggs, dairy products, beans, meat, chicken and turkey
  • Phosphorus: Nuts, nut butters, peas, beans, milk, cheese, yogurt and colas
  • Potassium: Bananas, avocado, pears, raisins, cantaloupe, potatoes, broccoli, spinach and tomatoes  
  • Sodium: Table salt, chips, crackers, pretzels, commercial sauces and other salty snacks

Acute renal failure dietary control is a very important factor of managing the condition and therefore it should not be overlooked. However, it is best to speak to a doctor before making any dietary changes.

Foods To Eat - Acute Renal Failure

One of the causes of acute renal failure is food poisoning. Therefore, it is important for you to follow a proper diet at all times. However, a diet for renal failure is different from a normal healthy diet. There are several foods that are low is protein, potassium and phosphorus and therefore, put less pressure on your kidneys. It is advisable for you to include higher quantities of such foods in your diet. Given below are some of the most highly recommended acute renal failure foods to eat:
  • Healthy carbs
  • Herbs and spices
  • Fresh fruits like apple, grapes, cranberries, blueberries and strawberries
  • Vegetables like cabbage, cucumbers and  peppers
  • Cereals like brown rice, wheat pasta and whole grain bread
There are several acute renal failure foods to avoid too, which aggravate the condition, by increasing the work of the kidneys and causing the levels of waste and toxins in the body to build up. Given below is a list of the common foods you need to avoid in case of acute renal failure:
  • Fruits and vegetables that are high in potassium, like bananas, oranges, potatoes, cantaloupe, pears, raisins, tomatoes, avocados, tomatoes, broccoli and avocado
  • Foods that are high in phosphorus such as milk, yogurt, cheese, nut butters, nuts, peas, beans and colas
  • High protein food items, which include chicken, turkey, eggs, beans, red meat and dairy products
  • Salty foods like crackers, chips, pretzels, cheese, sauces, processed meat and canned foods

However, the daily recommended intake of different foods may vary and that is why you need to speak to your doctor or a certified dietitian, before making any changes to your existing diet.


Acute renal failure is quite a serious condition, in which your kidneys stop functioning properly, all of a sudden. In case you are suffering from this medical problem your kidney will not be able to filter the waste from your bloodstream effectively. This in turn will lead to a buildup of waste matter and toxins in your blood. With the help of effective acute renal failure nutrition management, you can reduce the amount of work that your kidneys need to do, so that its overall functioning improves. While every individual’s acute renal failure nutritional requirements may vary a bit, the overall guidelines are similar. More information on diet for chronic renal failure patient

Cutting down on protein is a very important part of acute renal failure nutrition therapy. Protein is required for proper maintenance of the muscles and body tissues, but when high protein food is digested, a waste product known as urea begins to accumulate in the bloodstream. These elevated levels of urea can cause you to get sick. Therefore, it is important for you to cut down on your intake of foods like poultry, meat, eggs, beans and dairy products.

Foods To Avoid Acute Renal Failure

Another important part of acute renal failure nutritional treatment is regulating the amount of sodium you consume. People suffering from acute renal failure need to limit their intake of sodium and therefore, should avoid.
  • Table salt
  • Processed or cured meat like ham, bacon and luncheon meat
  • Cheese
  • Salty snacks like chips and pretzels
  • Canned food items like soup or vegetables
You also need to consult your doctor about how much potassium and phosphorus you can include in your diet. Since you will be eliminating several types of foods from your diet, you are at a higher risk of suffering from nutritional deficiencies. Therefore, you need to check with your health care provider if you need to take any acute renal failure nutritional supplements and the appropriate doses.
Submitted on January 17, 2014