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Diet for Diabetes
Diabetes is a common medical condition that affects both children and adults alike. It is caused due to insufficiency of insulin in the body, which, in turn, leads to glucose accumulation in the blood stream. Diabetic symptoms manifest as s result of the excess sugar in the blood. There are two kinds of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. According to the American Association of Diabetes, 25.8 million adults and children suffer from diabetes in the United States; that is 8.3% of the country’s population.
Diet plays a vital role in the management of diabetes.
A diabetes diet is low in fats, high in nutrients, and moderate in calorific value. The only thing one needs to pay extra attention to is one’s carbohydrate intake. Why carbohydrates? Well, glucose is produced by carbohydrates, so limiting your consumption of carbohydrates helps to regulate your blood sugar.
Exchange meal programs are designed to facilitate variation in diet containing fats, proteins, carbohydrates. Using these food exchanges, a patient can make their diet flexible and suited to their needs. Each food stands for a serving value, and a portion of food is known as an exchange. Portion sizes are decided by a dietician after looking at your weight and height.
Glycemic index (GI) helps you know which carbohydrates lead to changes in sugar and insulin levels. To avoid unstable sugar levels in the blood, look at including foods with a low-glycemic index (GI) into your food plan.
Many diabetic patients find that a low carb diet is helpful in keeping blood sugar levels down. Other diabetic patients may opt for a high protein diet where the consumption of protein is 30% to 40% of the recommended daily calorie intake. High fiber diets are also recommended for diabetic patients. Cucumbers are a good source of fiber and do not contain carbohydrates.
Foods to include
Foods to include for diabetic patients are fruits and vegetables with a low GI, nuts and certain dairy products.
Foods to avoid
There are certain foods that can increase the glucose levels in your blood stream. Foods to avoid for a diabetic patient include:
Diet chart for diabetic patient
|Submitted on January 16, 2014|