A diet chart for diabetic patient
Diabetes is a serious medical condition, which can cause a person’s body to stop the production or the proper use of insulin. This causes the levels of glucose in the blood to reach dangerously high levels. Therefore, it is only natural that people who are diabetic should follow a special diabetes diet chart, which does not contain foods that are sweet or contain sugar. A diet plan for diabetes patients can also be referred to as a sugar patient diet chart. The advantage of following a diet chart for a diabetic patient is that it helps people to avoid foods that can worsen the condition and at the same time, it can also help a person to stick to the number of calories that should be consumed in a day.
Given below are some of the different types of sugar patient diet chart that can be followed by a diabetic patient:
Medical diet for diabetics
A Medical Nutritional Therapy Diet (MNTD) for diabetes is a medically designed diet that includes a wide variety of food for diabetic patients. This diet is based on the principle that diabetic patients should not maintain a log time gap between two meals; instead they should consume frequent meals at regular intervals throughout the day. Ideally, they are required eat something every 2 or 3 hours, which means that at least 5 or 6 small meals should be consumed each day. However, the foods that are a part of this plan are generally high in vitamins, minerals, fiber, protein, healthy carbs and good “fat”. Foods that should be completely eliminated from a diet chart for diabetic patients are saturated fats, sodium, cholesterol and trans fats.
Atkins diet for diabetics
This is one of the most popular diet plans, followed by people all across the world, because it has had several success stories. However, even though many people lost several pounds, by switching over to this diet, the original Atkins diet was not completely appropriate for diabetics. Therefore a new sugar patient diet chart was introduced. According to this plan, a person can follow any one of the 3 different levels of carbs consumption. Some of the other basics of this diet include:
• No restrictions how much fat or protein are consumed in a day
• Restricting the consumption of cheese to less than 4 ounces in the day
• Cutting down on the intake of low-fat dairy products,
Diabetes diet chart for vegetarian
Most diabetics are advised to turn towards vegetarianism, because most plant based foods are free from cholesterol. Moreover, diets that are vegetarian include a several variety of foods, which are high in nutrients, but low in fat. Nutrition experts claim that people who are diabetic can benefit greatly by eating a high amount of fruits, vegetables, grains, legumes and low fat dairy products.
Apart from following a sugar patient diet chart, most diabetics are required to exercise on a regular basis, not only because it helps them keep their weight in check, but because exercise is essential for controlling the levels of sugar in the body too. There are some people who may also practice special yoga poses that can keep the levels of sugar in the body under control, which in turn helps alleviate the symptoms of diabetes in a person. Some people may also need to take insulin injections to control the levels of sugar in their blood.
However, before making any dietary changes or even adding any new foods to a diet, it is absolutely essential to check with a doctor.
Diet chart for heart patient
A diet for heart patients usually refers to a special diet plan that has been designed mainly for people who have either suffered a heart attack, or have gone through a bypass surgery in the last couple of days. Planning a diet for a heart patient is not an easy task. This is because in most cases a heart patient diet chart needs to be followed on a long term or even a permanent basis. Therefore the diet chart for heart patients should not just include good food for the heart, but should also have fair quantities of other healthy, nutritious, but appetizing food.
Given below is a list of good food for heart patients:
• Fruits and veggies: There is almost no better source of vitamins and mineral, as compared to fresh fruits and vegetables. Alternately, some heart patients may also be allowed to consume canned or frozen vegetables and fruits. However, none of the foods should contain high amounts of salt, sugar and cream.
• Grains: Whole grains are high in fiber and other nutrients, which can work wonders for the good health of the heart. Some of the healthiest whole grain products include foods that are made out of wheat. Some of the most common whole grain foods include wheat bread, oatmeal, high fiber cereal, flaxseed, brown rice, whole grain pasta, barley and buckwheat. However, not all foods that contain grains and seeds are high in nutrition. Foods that should be avoided by heart patients are high fat snacks, white bread, muffins, egg noodles, pies, cakes, cookie and, butter popcorn, to name a few.
• Herbs and spices: People who suffer from heart problems are generally asked to reduce their consumption of salt. Hence, to make food more palatable, it is best to increase the amount of herbs and a few spices, so that their food remains healthy, yet tasty. However, there are several condiments that are very high in fat, sugar and salt, which are used in day to day cooking, to enhance the flavor of food. However, certain sauces like tomato ketchup and soy sauce should not be included in a heart patient’s diet.
However, before designing any diet for heart patients after surgery, it is important to consult a doctor. This should also be done in case of a diet for heart patients before surgery. Apart from a diet, there are several other exercises that can help people regulate their heart health too. However, it is important to get a go ahead from the doctor, before engaging any of the exercises.