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Precautions After Angioplasty
An angioplasty is the method used to widen blood vessels that are obstructed by plaque buildup. Plaque is made up of cholesterol and is most commonly associated with atherosclerosis. During an angioplasty, the surgeon places an empty balloon into the narrowed blood vessel and then inflates it so that the balloon compresses the surrounding fatty deposits and this increases blood flow. In some cases a wire mesh tube called a stent is placed within the vessel to prevent future constrictions. The great benefits and low risks of angioplasty have made it the preferred treatment method for obstructed blood vessels.
Protecting the catheter insertion site is one of the most important precautions after an angioplasty as bleeding and infection are possible complications. A certain amount of bruising is normal but extensive bruising or tearing requires immediate attention. Angioplasty complications are not very common but you should be aware of all the risks so that you can make an informed decision.
Post Surgery Complications:
Diet For Angioplasty Patients
A heart healthy diet aids the recovery process after an angioplasty, or any kind of heart surgery for that matter. It is imperative that you adhere to the diet chart after angioplasty provided by your health care provider. It is best to follow a personalized diet plan that includes specific foods for heart patients after angioplasty. Appetite loss is a common side effect of angioplasty so you may need to eat small meals throughout your day. Here are a few heart healthy diet tips that you can discuss with your doctor and nutritionist.
Diet Chart After Angioplasty
Methods of preparation also play an important part in a diet plan after a coronary angioplasty. Baking, grilling, roasting, and steaming are a lot healthier as compared to frying. If you must fry your food, use minimal amounts of oil, and use healthier cooking oils like olive oil.
Rest & Recovery:
Exercise After Angioplasty
Consult your doctor before you decide on an exercise plan after an angioplasty procedure. You will need to start with mild non-strenuous exercises such as simple yoga exercises. A healthy angioplasty exercise plan will help to reduce your risk of future complications but if your exercise plan is very demanding, it will put unnecessary strain on your weakened circulatory system.
Smokers are advised to quit smoking immediately as smoking slows down the recovery process and increases the risk of complications. In fact, people who continue to smoke for a year after an angioplasty are two times more likely to have a heart attack as compared to people who quit smoking. You can find out more about the effects of smoking after an angioplasty here: http://www.who.int/tobacco/research/heart_disease/en/index.html
Keep a recovery diary and list down all your symptoms as well as their severity levels and discuss this with your doctor. Anxiety and stress can increase your risk of complications so spend a little time in meditation every day.
|Submitted on January 16, 2014|