A burn is characterized by damage to the skin or underlying tissues resulting due to contact with a hot source or electric current. Burns can be of four types, first, second, third and fourth degree burns. First degree burns are minor burns which affect just the outer layer of the skin. These burns cause redness and swelling and heal in about 3 to 6 days without any scarring. Second degree burns involve the epidermis or outer layer of the skin as well as some part or all of the dermis, which is the layer below the epidermis.
Treating Blisters And Burns At Home With Aloe Vera Gel
Blistering occurs in these burns and they also have a red appearance. Deeper second degree burns may also appear whitish and may not be painful. Second degree burns take about 12 to 21 days to heal, and some amount of scarring may appear. Third degree burns affect the entire dermis and cause damage to the sweat glands and hair follicles. These burns appear white and are not painful. Skin grafting needs to be conducted on these burns for proper healing. Forth degree burns cause damage right up to the bone. These usually occur in case of electrical burns. Burns that occur on the face, hands and genital areas require medical attention at the earliest.
One of the most beneficial remedies for minor burns is aloe vera gel. Apply enough gel directly to the skin to cover the entire burn and allow it to remain until it dries. Aloe vera has pain relieving properties and is also anti-inflammatory in nature. It is also known to promote the growth of new cells by causing the dead skin cells to fall off. It also helps to open the skin pores, and allow deeper penetration of the moisture present in the gel. It is important to remember that some individuals may have an allergic reaction to aloe vera gel and may experience irritation or rash on the skin. As such it is advisable to test the gel on a smaller area of skin first.
One can also apply honey to a burn after cleansing the area properly. This will help to promote healing and prevent infection. When a burn occurs, it is important to immediately lower the temperature of the affected area by soaking the area in cold water for about 15 minutes. Lavender oil is also found to be effective in treating minor burns and may be applied to the affected area.