Causes of Nephritic Syndrome And Nephritic Syndrome Information
Nephritic syndrome or acute glomerulonephritis is a group of disorders that results in the swelling of the glomeruli and other internal structures of the kidney. Glomeruli are a group of minute blood vessels, which contain small openings. Blood is filtered through these pores in the kidney. Improper filtration by the kidneys also results in nephritic syndrome. This in turn results in the release or protein and blood in the urine. It is also a result of infection or disease. Causes of nephritic syndrome are hemolytic uremic syndrome, IgA nephropathy, post streptococcal glomerulonephritis and Henoch-Schonlein purpura. It is also known as rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. It is seen more commonly seen in adults and is accompanied by blood and protein in the urine, inflammation in the body and decrease in urine output. Other causes include viral infection, malfunctioning of the immune system and auto immune disease.
Treatment For Acute Nephritis Syndrome
The ultimate objective of treatment is to decrease the inflammation of the glomerulus. Bed rest is of great help, for recovery. A low sodium and low protein diet is useful. Reduction on protein helps to decrease the pace at which the deterioration of kidney takes place. Restriction in the diet includes that of potassium, fluids and salt. Antibiotics and other medications are used for treatment. Diuretics help to get rid of edema, by the elimination of water and sodium. Anti malarial drugs are beneficial, if the etiology is malaria. Antibiotics are not effective in certain cases, as nephritis attacks, about two to six weeks after infection. Antibiotics are especially helpful, in case of bacterial infection. Medications involve the usage of anti hypertensives and corticosteroids. The latter helps to eliminate inflammation. Drugs that suppress the immune system are useful. Immunosuppressant is effective, in the removal of antibodies from blood.
Renal transplant or dialysis is the best option for the individuals with end stage kidney failure. Prompt treatment schedule decreases the risk of kidney failure and the need for dialysis. Kidney transplantation is recommended in case of chronic renal failure, though recurrence of glomerulonephritis in the transplanted kidney is possible.
Support groups provide psychological feeling of betterment. Improper care or treatment results in chronic glomerulonephritis. Other complications of nephritic syndrome involve pulmonary edema, congestive heart failure, acute kidney failure, nephrotic syndrome, end stage renal disease, chronic renal failure and high blood pressure. Prevention of nephritic syndrome is not possible, though immediate diagnosis and treatment of the same helps in the reduction of risk.