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Adult Onset Diabetes Diet

I have no idea about this Adult Onset Diabetes Diet. Where can I find some useful information?
(October 27, 2010)

Adult Onset Diabetes Diet

Adult onset diabetes is also referred to as non-insulin diabetes. It is a common illness that influences the manner in which the body processes and utilizes carbohydrates, proteins and fats. All these are sources of sugar or glucose. Diabetic individuals have very high levels of glucose in their blood stream. The glucose is transported to the body cells with the help of a hormone known as insulin, which is released by the pancreas.

In case the sugar cannot be moved efficiently due to lowered production of insulin or if the cells are not reacting properly to the insulin, the blood glucose levels increase. This leads to adult onset diabetes or type 2 diabetes. Most doctors recommend a strict adult onset diabetes diet for individuals with this condition to control it. 

Adult onset diabetes symptoms include excessive thirst, hunger, frequent urination and weight loss. Individuals with this disorder also tend to experience an increased vulnerability to infections such as fungal skin infections or vaginal yeast infections. Dizziness and excessive sweating may also occur as symptoms of adult onset diabetes. If left untreated, this condition may lead to serious complications such as obstruction of blood flow to the legs, heart and brain. Eyesight may also be affected as retinal damage may occur. Another possible complication of this illness is numbness and pain in the feet due to nerve damage in the legs. In case the blood sugar levels continue to remain high, kidney damage may occur. The diagnosis of adult onset diabetes is usually done through blood sugar tests. An appropriate adult onset diabetes diet is recommended according to the individual’s blood sugar levels and the progression of the condition.   

Dietary habits play an important role in controlling this condition. Weight loss is important as it helps to manage the blood sugar levels. Regular exercise is also a must as weight training and cardiovascular exercises help to reduce blood glucose levels. The diet for adult onset diabetes should incorporate a higher amount of protein. This helps to strengthen the muscles and bones and allows for energy production. Low fat milk and skinless chicken and turkey are excellent sources of lean protein. Vegetables such as soy, legumes and nuts may also be consumed. Animal fats and trans-fats should be avoided. Sweets may be eaten in moderation and should be balanced with other healthy foods. The adult onset diabetes diet must be closely monitored and hence it is advisable to draw up an appropriate meal plan. Diabetic individuals need to eat often and hence frequent smaller meals during the day are recommended. Healthy snacking between meals also helps to control blood sugar levels.

Submitted by R B on October 27, 2010 at 03:47


Adult Onset Diabetes Diet 

Adult onset diabetes was initially referred to as non-insulin dependent diabetes or type 2 diabetes. It is not a disease, but a metabolic disorder, associated with deficiency of insulin or its improper secretion and utilization. Chances of ketoacidosis are common. Insulin sensitivity and hyperglycaemia are seen. Weight loss is focussed a lot upon, as weight decrease is associated with reduced requirement of insulin. About 60 per cent of calories are obtained from carbohydrates. High fibre is essential, in the form of fresh fruits, vegetables, cereals, whole grains, bran and so on. Carbonated drinks or fizzy drinks provide empty calories, thereby contributing to no other nutrients.

The Exchange system is of great importance in a diabetic diet. This enables a great choice in the kind of foods chosen within the same food group. The have the same nutrients, especially carbohydrates and breaks the monotony of the diet. The quantity of foods offered in the same group varies. A healthy diet is important in regulating the blood glucose levels. Reduced saturated fats or solid fats are of help. Avoid butter, margarine, clarified butter and so on. Calories are reduced, to prevent complications related to weight. High fibre foods are helpful. Exercise is helpful in combination with a healthy diet.

At least, twenty to thirty minutes of physical activity, in the form of walking is useful. Excess alcoholic intake is one of the common causative factors for adult onset diabetes. Cigarette smoking affects the blood vessels and results in severe complications, such as neuritis, hypercholesterolemia and so on. The food pyramid is helpful in choosing the right kind of foods. Sweets and fats are restricted. Cereals and pulses form the basis with 6 to 11 servings. Three to five servings of vegetables and two to three servings of fruits are helpful. Eating at regular timing is important. Fasting or feasting is not allowed. Avoid hitting the bed, right after supper.

Submitted by E L on June 22, 2008 at 11:39


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